What is https? What does https stand for? What Does the “S” in Https Stand For? These are a very common question people usually ask.
“HTTPS” stands for HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure.
Now the question is what is hypertext? what does protocol mean here?
Hypertext is the text displayed digitally with reference to other text which is also accessible.These text linked to each other and reader can immediately access it, by just clicking on the link provided. That link is known as Hyperlink.
Now if a medium of information is given that includes graphics, audio, video, plain text and hyperlinks to another information medium, that medium is known as Hypermedia.So you can say Hypermedia is an extension of hypertext.
now let’s talk about Protocol. Because here we are writing in terms of long and short distance communication network system. So here the term protocol is a system of rules that allow two or more connecting points in a network system to transmit information easily. It’s a system used in well-defined formats for exchanging various information in a communication system. It is a logical combination of software and hardware.
So finally about https, I will say that it is a secure system which always follows its rulebook to protect information while transfer information from one point to another or one point to many.The protocol over which data is sent between your browser and the website that you are connected to.
Why we use a colon and double slash after https in a web address?
The web addresses that everyone uses to navigate between
websites on the internet, it always starts with http://www or https://domain.com or https://www.domain.com. URL scheme defines that a URL will begin with the protocol name, then a colon, then the hostname, then two slashes, then the path to the resource. Well, Double slash we use in almost every URL is of no use. Even the world wide web’s inventor, Sir Tim Berners-Lee, also said that
the two forward slashes that form part of every web address are entirely useless.
In the past, their use is linked to early computing languages like MS-DOS and Unix which both used colon and slashes to separate between files and items in directories and in lines of code.In that time if any component of the address was missing or mistyped, including the colon and two slashes, then users would be presented with a screen that read ‘Syntax Error’.
But nowadays almost every web browsers, correctly fill these characters automatically. You have to just type the domain
name you are searching for. Anything that does not have an authority cannot begin with //.
HTTP to HTTPS
https is the secure version of HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol), the protocol over which data is transferred between a web browser and the web link. In https information transferring is always secure because all in\formation is encrypted. HTTPS is often used to protect highly confidential online information.
how https works
Https have two layers of security.
- SSL ( Secure Socket Layer )
- TLS (Transport Layer Security)
HTTPS pages typically use one of these two secure protocols to encrypt information – Both the TLS and SSL protocols use ‘asymmetric’ Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) system.
Now the question is, what is PKI system?
An asymmetric system uses two ‘keys’ to encrypt information sharing, a ‘public’ key and a ‘private’ key. Anything encrypted with the public key can only be decrypted by the private key and vice-versa.private’ key should only be accessible by the owner of the private key. But the public key is intentionally distributed to everybody that needs to be able to decrypt shared information that was encrypted with the private key.
You can get SSL certificate from your web domain and hosting provider.
How does the SSL certificate work?
When you request a secure connection using https:// to a web domain, the link will initially send its SSL certificate to the browser. This certificate contains the public key. As I said above this public key is required to begin the secure session. Based on this initial exchange, your browser and the website then initiate the ‘SSL handshake’. While trusted SSL Certificate is used during a connection, you will see a lock icon in the browser’s URL bar.
The SSL handshake involves the generation of shared secrets to establish a unique secure connection between your browser and the website.When an extended validation certificate is installed on a website, the address bar will turn green.
Benefits of HTTPS
- All your online information, bank details, credit card numbers, website access codes, is encrypted and it’s safe.
- Your domain will be a trusted one for any new visitor.They can verify you are a registered and trusted business.
How to switch to https?
How HTTP and HTTPS works diagram-
HTTPS for SEO-Does https affect SEO?Why does Google prefer HTTPS for SEO rankings? What are the SEO benefits of HTTPS?
You all must have similar questions in your mind.
Let me tell you that Secure connection is always beneficial .because it will surely improve the user experience.A good online experience tends to involve a trusted third party and good encryption.
A few years back Google announced that Security has always been “a top priority” for them that’s why their algorithm is so designed that switching your website over to HTTPS will give you a minor ranking boost.finally, In 2014 the Google officially announced HTTPS as a ranking signal.
Google has resorted to preferentially indexing HTTPS versions of pages over their duplicate HTTP version. Does this mean the links pointing to the HTTP version of the page are not getting counted?
The answer is No, It will index.
John Mueller said that Google count collective signals from inbound links pointing to both the HTTP and HTTPS versions of a page. You just make sure that you need to index both HTTPs and HTTP version.
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